Thailand: Human Security, Today and Tomorrow

Thailand: Human Security, Today and Tomorrow - May 10, 2010

The report: 2009 Thailand Human Development Report: Human Security, Today and Tomorrow

Many interesting tidbits:

One party boasted of recruiting over 15 million members, but the members had no active role, and the membership list served solely as a database for electoral campaigning. 100 Some MPs and candidates adhere to their parties because of admiration or other attachment to the party leader. But for others the membership is more contractual. They expect to be paid for their continued loyalty. They can be persuaded to switch parties for a transfer fee.

...Thailand can be moderately proud of its record on economic development over the past generation. Real per capita incomes have tripled in 25 years, despite the country being at the centre of the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s. Poverty has significantly declined.

...Thailand's record on the Millennium Development Goals

1: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people living in extreme poverty. Achieved.

2: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger. Achieved.

3: Ensure that, by 2015, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling. Highly likely.

4: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015. Already achieved.

5: Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate. Still problems in remote areas.

6: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio. Target not applicable.

7: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS. Achieved.

8: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases. Achieved for malaria, potentially achievable for tuberculosis.

9: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources. Potentially achievable.

10: Halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.

11: By 2020 to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers (globally).

...The richest Thais earn 14.7 times more than the poorest. The bottom 60% of the population's share of the income is only 25%. An average of 879 people living in urban areas compared to 5000 living in rural areas have access to only one doctor. Fewer than a million people, despite the high population, live under the poverty line in urban areas compared to more than 5 million in rural areas. Additionally, about 3.5 million people are stateless. Many of them face insecurities. They have uncertain access to the Thai judicial system, uneven access to health services and education, and because of their limited rights they are vulnerable to the worst kinds of exploitation and violence...

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